Now that you know which valve your tyre has and what the ideal pressure is, the fun part is done: Inflating your tyre step by step. We have listed the steps below. They are the same for each type of valve, except for steps 2 and 4. They work slightly differently with French valves.
Step 0: The right pump
Before you can start inflating, you need a good pump with a head that fits the valve. Most modern bicycle pumps (with a button head or a screw head) fit every type of valve, otherwise a adapter nipple offers a solution. We also recommend a pump with a pressure gauge, so that you can immediately see the tyre pressure. It is also smart to use a pump with a hose (or a tube with a portable pump). That way you run the least risk of damaging the valve.
Step 1: Turn down the valve
First turn the valve downwards. This ensures that you have good access and is the easiest way to attach the pump head.
Step 2: Unscrew the cap(s)
Then unscrew the cap. Do you have a French valve? Then also unscrew the valve. Be careful, as turning too far will loosen the whole inside and all the air will come out straight away. That is not the intention.
Step 3: Start pumping!
Now put the pump head on the valve and pump the tyre until it is nicely inflated.
Step 4: Tighten the cap(s) again
The last step in inflating a bicycle tyre is to screw the cap back on. With a French valve you must also screw back on the extra cap. Check (especially with French valves) the rim nut to be sure. This should always be tightened to prevent leakage at the valve.